What is Kyphosis

What is Kyphosis

Kyphosis is a deformity of the upper spine which causes, as the word denotes, a kyphosis or curving to the back. By observing the spine from the side we can see four curvatures. Therefore, every individual has kyphosis at the chest and lordosis at the waist. However, there are some normal limits for these curves. According to the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) the normal values for chest kyphosis are 20ο-45ο. Any deviation from these values is not normal and requires monitoring and treatment.
When the curvature is larger than 45ο then we refer to hyperkyphosis whereas on the contrary, when the curve is smaller than 20ο, we refer to hypokyphosis.
Kyphosis, just like scoliosis, is classified into flexible (postural kyphosis) and rigid (structural kyphosis). The start of the disease is in adolescence or immediately after, and it mainly affects boys.

Kyphosis and the Schroth Method

The Schroth method is addressed both to individuals with scoliosis, as well as with kyphosis. The application of the method to individuals with kyphosis aims to:

  • improve rigidness of the spine
  • correct bad posture
  • decrease the curvature
  • increase the mobility of the chest and shoulder area
  • improve the elasticity of the muscular system
  • relieve pain (if applicable)
  • prevent future musculoskeletal problems